Residents of Syria’s besieged Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp collecting aid, Feb. 13, 2015. Without passports, the refugees have no place to go. (Rami Al-Sayed / AFP / Getty Images)
Protracted displacement, deteriorating socio-economic conditions aggravated by the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, dire humanitarian needs and protection concerns continue to affect the lives of Palestine refugees in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan, said UNRWA in a fact sheet entitled “Syria Regional Crisis Emergency Appeal 2021”.
UNRWA said that in Syria, the protracted conflict has devastated human security and left 91 per cent of the 438,000 Palestine refugees estimated to remain in the country in absolute poverty and 40 per cent displaced. In 2020, living conditions deteriorated further as a result of an economic crisis, leading to an increase in prices including of the most basic commodities.
In Lebanon and Jordan, Palestine refugees, including Palestinian refugees from Syria (PRS), are also confronted with increased hardship and vulnerability, due to long-term displacement and difficult socio-economic conditions, coupled with the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. In Lebanon, the economic and political crisis, which started in October 2019, continues to cause rising inflation, price increases and loss of employment opportunities, pushing more people into poverty.
UNRWA said that in 2021, the Agency requires US$ 318 million to respond to the humanitarian needs of Palestine refugees in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
The Agency’s humanitarian response will be guided by the following three strategic priorities: Preserve resilience through the provision of humanitarian assistance, ensuring that the most vulnerable refugees meet their basic needs; Contribute to a protective environment for Palestine refugees by maintaining access to basic services including health, education, livelihoods, protection, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); Improve the effectiveness and efficiency of emergency programme delivery through safety and security, repair and maintenance of UNRWA installations and regional capacity and management support.